2020 Guide to Conducting an IT Vulnerability
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The IT vulnerability assessment is an automatic assessment designed to identify vulnerabilities in an organization’s IT systems.
Vulnerability assessments are performed using industry standard scanning systems and tools. Performing vulnerability scans will help ensure that any existing vulnerability in your system is identified and treated immediately, reducing the risk of exposure to your organization to an acceptable level.
The existence of an IT vulnerability-free environment is just a myth. With the constant incorporation of new software and systems, it is impossible to completely get rid of vulnerabilities in your network. It is true that attackers always look for a weak security system to break their net. Therefore, it is important to analyze what vulnerabilities can be exploited, prioritize and mitigate them before an attacker controls them. A vulnerability assessment tool must act as a strategic partner for its security teams and provide them with the necessary knowledge to assess vulnerabilities from the perspective of an attacker.
Each organization must be aware that someone can attack them, so must be prepared. A recent survey suggests that about 70 percent of organizations are not prepared for a cyber attack.
Kevin Mitnick, the world’s most famous hacker, says: “You can never protect yourself 100 percent. What you do is protect yourself as much as possible to reduce the risk to a considerable extent, although you can never eliminate the danger completely. ” The constant presence of threats makes IT vulnerability assessment critical for companies.
You cannot protect your system if you do not know the risks you face.
The current threat scenario has made computer security a top priority, not only for the IT department, but for the company itself.
They know they have to do something about security, but it’s hard to know where to start or what actions would have the greatest impact.
The trial and error processes with different computer security tools constitute a common tactic, but without information about the vulnerabilities of your system, you have no way of knowing how effective your efforts are. For example, investing in a better and more powerful firewall will not help if the greatest risk to your system is users with excessive permissions.
The IT vulnerability assessment will help you avoid such errors by allowing you to make informed and strategic decisions. Instead of using an inconsistent approach to security, you can use your resources to improve data protection significantly.
IT security begins by knowing your risks
To protect critical information for your business, you have to understand where your system is vulnerable.
- Respect compliance requirements
HIPAA, PCI DSS and SOX require an objective assessment of security vulnerabilities.
- Understand what risks you should face first
Find out what are the vulnerabilities that demand your attention.
- Work to achieve common goals
The results of the evaluation make all the members of the organization work together to improve computer security.
- Justify investments in computer security
Knowing your security risks can help you obtain the necessary resources to deal with problems.
- Eliminate wasted efforts
When you see the security areas of the system that need improvement, you can work more effectively and efficiently.
Performing an effective vulnerability assessment
To perform an effective vulnerability assessment, organizations must:
Identify all valuable information assets.
For a company with 50-100 employees to identify which information assets are valuable, it is necessary to understand the nature of the business. Companies should ask themselves how they generate income and profits – identifying the information that is decisive for their daily operations. You should consider customer contact information, product design files, trade secrets and roadmap documents as your most important assets. Regardless of the type of data that companies identify as fundamental, it is important that they understand how all this data flows in their networks and identify what computers and servers are used to store this information.
To better protect information assets, companies need a central vulnerability team. In a small or medium business, most of the time this team is made up of senior executives. For larger companies, a hybrid risk management model is required, where each manager can be assigned as the risk owner for the function of his department.
Estimate the impact of losses on the business.
The IT Vulnerability assessment and impact go hand in hand. For each valuable data asset, organizations must estimate the negative impact that the loss or compromise of information would have on their finances. In addition to direct costs, loss estimates should also include intangible costs such as reputational damage and legal ramifications. All teams must use a common format for their documentation and ensure that the information is uniform.
Determine threats to the business.
A threat is anything that has the potential to cause damage to valuable information assets for the company. Threats that companies face include natural disasters, power outages, system failures, internal accidental actions (such as the mistaken removal of an important file), internal malicious actions (such as an infiltrate that adheres to a privileged security group) and external malicious actions (phishing, malware, spoofing, etc.). Each company must have a central risk team to determine the most likely threats and plan accordingly.
Vulnerability is a weakness or gap in the network, systems, applications or even the processes of a company that can negatively impact the business. The use of scanning tools can be useful for a thorough analysis of the systems, and penetration testing or ethical hacking techniques can also be used to deepen.
Establish a risk management framework
A risk is a business concept, which can be represented by the following formula:
Risk = Vulnerability * Threat * Impact on the business.
To reduce risk, IT teams must minimize the threats they are exposed to, the vulnerabilities that exist in their environments or a combination of both. Management can also decide to evaluate the business impact of each data asset and take steps to reduce it. The central risk team must assign high, medium or low risk values ??for the potential loss of each valuable data asset. Through this process, a company can determine which data asset risks should be prioritized. Once completed, a company must find solutions or repairs for each identified risk and the associated cost for each solution.
Once a parameter has been established, companies must determine what level of risk they are taking. Do you want to address all risks or only those that were identified as high? The answer will depend on each company, while the total estimated cost of the solutions, together with the projected return on investment, will have a great influence on risk management.
The IT vulnerability assessment consists of a system of practices and technologies that help organizations estimate their exposure to computer threats. As hackers make the digital world increasingly dangerous, more and more organizations are trying to identify their vulnerabilities in relation to phishing, malware, DDoS attacks and other threats.
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